Center for Recovery, Physical Activity and Nutrition, formerly the Center for Rehabilitation Sciences
Rehabilitation Sciences Academic Division & The Center for Recovery, Physical Activity and Nutrition (CeRPAN)
"Rehabilitation Science," as defined by the Institute of Medicine, encompasses, "basic and applied aspects of health services, social sciences, and engineering as they are related to restoring human functional capacity and improving a person's interaction with the surrounding environment." As such, Rehabilitation Science is, by definition, interdisciplinary and extends beyond the boundaries of traditional academic departments.
As of Fall 2014, the Rehabilitation Sciences Academic Division has 14 currently enrolled students with 21 degrees conferred and one degree pending. We have 7 current postdoctoral fellows and 31 fellowships completed, including 25 in Rehabilitation Sciences and 6 in Psychology.
Image ©University of the Fraser Valley via Flickr, CCBY License
Do wearable trackers measure up to comprehensive professional fitness plans?
Yahoo! News, Sept. 19, 2014
Many wearables lack one or more of the tools that healthcare professionals call upon to help individuals increase their physical activity levels or stick to a fitness regimen, according to a researchers at UTMB, who were impressed by the trackers' overall sophistication anyway. "Despite their rising popularity, little is known about how these monitors differ from one another, what options they provide in their applications and how these options may impact their effectiveness," says senior author Elizabeth Lyons. "The feedback provided by these devices can be as, if not more, comprehensive than that provided by health care professionals."
Congratulations to Dr. Elizabeth Lyons on recent K07 Grant Award:
Behavior Change Techniques Implemented in Electronic Lifestyle Activity Monitors: a Systematic Content Analysis
"The proposed research project includes qualitative and quantitative formative research leading to a randomized controlled feasibility trial of a video game-based physical activity intervention. Physical activity can reduce health risks and improve quality of life in breast cancer survivors, but activity levels in this population are low. Clinical interventions are successful in improving activity levels, but these programs are difficult to translate into sustainable home-based programs. Active video games may be able to apply effective strategies from these interventions in a home environment for a relatively low cost, increasing the public health impact of these programs." From the NIH website.
How brown fat benefits your health
CBS News, Aug. 4, 2014
Continuing coverage: While white fat is mainly used to store energy, brown fat keeps the body warm by burning calories once it is activated. Even better, brown fat seems to primarily "pick" those calories that come from fat and sugar, said Labros Sidossis, a professor of internal medicine in the division of geriatric medicine at UTMB. This in turn may be particularly helpful in fighting health issues such as diabetes and being overweight. "If you can activate it [brown fat], it can help you burn calories," Sidossis said.
Impact Newsletter, Aug. 4, 2014
Continuing coverage: Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have shown for the first time that people with higher levels of brown fat, or brown adipose tissue, in their bodies have better blood sugar control, higher insulin sensitivity and a better metabolism for burning fat stores.
Having the right kind of fat can protect against diabetes, study says Time Magazine, July 23, 2014
In a report published in the journal Diabetes, scientists led by Labros Sidossis, professor of internal medicine at UTMB, found for the first time that adults who retained more amounts of brown fat were better able to keep blood sugar under control and burn off fat stores. Previous studies have linked brown fat to better weight control, but these results also hint that the tissue may be important for managing diabetes. "Our data suggest that brown fat may function as both anti-obesity and anti-diabetic tissue in humans," says Sidossis. "And that makes it a therapeutic target in the battle against obesity and chronic disease. Anything that helps in this area, we need to pursue and make sure that if there is potential there, we exploit it."
Testosterone use doesn't increase heart risk, study finds The Wall Street Journal, July 3, 2014
Continuing coverage: Although recent research has linked testosterone therapy with a higher risk for heart attack and stroke, a new study involving more than 25,000 older men suggests otherwise. The study, funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, may help ease some fears about testosterone therapy for patients and their families, the study authors said. "Our investigation was motivated by a growing concern, in the U.S. and internationally, that testosterone therapy increases men's risk for cardiovascular disease, specifically heart attack and stroke," said lead researcher Jacques Baillargeon, an associate professor of epidemiology at UTMB.
UTMB's Kenneth Ottenbacher was awarded a fellow status in The Gerontological Society of America, the nation's oldest and largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to research, education, and practice in the field of aging.
The status of fellow - the highest class of membership within the Society - is an acknowledgment of outstanding and continuing work in gerontology. This recognition can come at varying points in an individual's career and can acknowledge a broad scope of activity. This includes research, teaching, administration, public service, practice, and notable participation within the organization. Fellows are chosen from each of GSA's four membership sections.
The new fellows will be formally recognized during GSA's 67th Annual Scientific Meeting, which will be held from November 5 to 9 in Washington, DC. Full details of this conference are available at www.geron.org/2014.
Chris Fry, PhD authored a paper recently published in The Journal of Physiology. An image from that paper was chosen for the cover of this week's issue.
The cover image shows an immunohistochemical analysis of human vastus lateralis for quantification of fibre type-specific satellite cell content. Pink, type 1 myosin heavy chain; green, laminin; white, Pax7; blue, DAPI-stained nuclei. See Fry et al. pp. 2625-2635.
Article: Fibre type-specific satellite cell response to aerobic training in sedentary adults by Christopher S. Fry, Brian Noehren, Jyothi Mula, Margo F. Ubele, Philip M. Westgate, Philip A. Kern and Charlotte A. Peterson.
CRRLD News: Special Webcast June 23, 2014
Medicare Post Acute Care: Moving Beyond the Silos
Barbara J. Gage, PhD, MBA
Managing Director, Engelberg Center for HealthCare Reform and Fellow of Economic Studies,
The Brookings Institute
Director, Scientific Research & Evaluation, PACCR
Emily has been appointed Postdoctoral Representative for the Energy and Macronutrient Metabolism Research Interest Section for the American Society for Nutrition for 2014-2015.
About this position: Energy and Macronutrient Metabolism members research the function and metabolism of major energy yielding substrates (carbohydrates, lipids and their derivatives), amino acids and proteins. This Section encompasses research concerned with cellular, tissue, organ, and whole body metabolism and the integration and regulation of metabolism in vivo, under normal healthy and various pathophysiological chronic disease conditions. It covers basic and applied research on the influence of macronutrients and dietary supplements on metabolism, human performance, and body composition.
5 things you've got all wrong about protein
Huffington Post, June 10, 2014
Continuing coverage: "Our research shows that eating about 30 grams of protein at breakfast, lunch and dinner is more beneficial for muscle protein synthesis than eating a large amount at dinner," explains Douglas Paddon-Jones, professor of nutrition and metabolism at UTMB. The study, reported in the Journal of Nutrition found a 25 percent increase in muscle protein synthesis when protein is divided into three, 30-gram doses at breakfast, lunch and dinner compared to eating the same total protein (90 grams) but in this distribution pattern: 11 grams protein at breakfast, 16 grams at lunch and 63 grams at dinner.
November 5, 2014: "Creating Value in Health Care through Big Data," presented by Joachim Roski, PhD, MPH of Booz, Allen & Hamilton
November 10, 2014: "Therapeutic Effects of Exercise on Parkinson's Disease" presented by Daniel Corcos, PhD, Professor, Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University
December 5, 2014: Presentaton by Melinda B. Buntin, PhD, Professor and Chair, Department of Health Policy, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
January 7, 2015: Presentation by Craig V. Thornton, PhD, Senior Vice President, Managing Director of Health Research, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.